The introduction of impurities into the environment that causes instability and harm to the ecosystem is called pollution. Pollution causes harmful effects to human body, animals and our environment and we are still not doing anything to stop it. Just thinking about economic growth only we keep throwing wastage here and there. So, we have to get together and have to do something on this very critical issue.
Pollution may be of any kind such as land, air, water, etc becoming the most major cause of concern to the human race today. All kinds of pollutants have adverse effects on the ecosystem. Here are some facts about pollution:
- Industries and vehicles are considered as major sources of pollution and the countries that are contributing most in terms of these aspects are China, India and United states. Emissions from vehicles are producing around 70% of the air pollution. According to the data of 2007, emission of carbon dioxide in China was around 6.01 billion tons but it was 5.90 billion tons in America. India is one of the top 10 worst pollution producing countries in the world. The historical monument TajMahal whose color is getting yellow day by day proves the adversity of air pollution in India.
- According to research made by world health organization, around 2.4 million people die every year because of air pollution.
- Use of pesticides to kill pests and to enhance the growth of crop also has adverse effects on human health and environment. In US, farmers are using 2.2 billion pounds of pesticides annually.
- Garbage from land is contaminating water bodies. Many industries are still damping their wastes in water bodies like lake, oceans or rivers. Bacteria originated because of this are responsible for causing of about 250 million water borne diseases annually. Due to these diseases 5 to 10 million deaths are occurring every year.
There are so many other serious facts about pollution that can make you think, so we should take measures to control pollution.
There are about 500 million cars on the planet and by 2030 it is expected to double to 1 billion cars.
For every one of the 6 billion people on earth, nearly four tons of carbon dioxide is spewed into the air annually.
Americans consume 22% of the worlds oil, even though they make up just 5% of the world’s population – as a result the past 100 years has seen heat trapping gases increase by 22%.
A plastic milk jug takes 1 million years to decompose.
A plastic cup can take 50 – 80 years to decompose.
In the year AD1 there were about 250million humans on earth. It took 1,650 years for that number to double. Between 1650 and 1930 the human population rose 4 times to 2 billion. By the turn of the century 6 billion on Earth – 3X the population just 70 years earlier.
An estimated 14 billion pounds of trash, much of it plastic is dumped in the world’s oceans every year.
Special fleece-like fabrics used in clothes and blankets can be made out of recycled plastic bottles.
Soap from washing your car at home pollutes. Soap and dirt from washing your car can flow through our storm drains and ditches and end up in our streams untreated.
Waste from livestock pollutes our water. When it rains, water runs over fields and pastures and can carry harmful bacteria from livestock waste to streams and provides unwanted fertilizer in streams.
Too much soil in runoff can pollute. Soil from erosion carries pollutants and smothers salmon eggs in spawning gravel.
Sewage from boating can pollute. Untreated sewage is a significant risk to human health and wildlife.
The cost of one nuclear weapons test alone could finance the installation of eighty thousand hand pumps, giving third world villages access to clean water.
Littering pollutes. Litter thrown on the ground can end up in our storm drains, ditches, and streams.
The things we do everyday contribute to over half the pollution in Puget Sound. Litter thrown on the ground can end up in our storm drains, ditches, and streams.
Driveways and walkways can be sources of water pollution. Oil, antifreeze, and other pollutants can collect on your driveway. If you hose down the driveway, the water carries all these pollutants to the streams.
Nitrogen is essential to crops but too much will leak into groundwater and rivers causing nutrient pollution in rivers and oceans and severe human health problems from nitrate pollution.
More than 100 active pesticide ingredients are suspected of causing cancer, birth defects, and gene mutation.
Seventy-three different kinds of pesticides have been found in groundwater, which is potential drinking water.